Stress urinary incontinence (SUI)

Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a condition that affects both men and women, but is more common in women. It is characterized by the involuntary leakage of urine during physical activities such as coughing, sneezing, laughing, or exercise. SUI occurs when the muscles and tissues that support the bladder and urethra become weakened or damaged, causing the urethra to open and release urine. The condition can be caused by a variety of factors including pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, obesity, and aging.

Recurrent UTI

Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common problem, particularly in women. They are defined as having two or more UTIs within a six-month period or three or more UTIs within a year. The most common cause of recurrent UTIs is a bacterial infection in the bladder or urethra, which can be caused by a variety of factors such as sexual activity, changes in hormone levels, or anatomical abnormalities in the urinary tract.

Vesico – vaginal fistulas

Vesico-vaginal fistulas (VVF) are abnormal connections between the bladder and vagina that can cause urinary incontinence, infections, and odor. Surgery is usually required to repair the connection and improve bladder function. A temporary catheter may also be needed for proper healing. With proper treatment, most people can recover and improve their quality of life.