There are two types of phimosis: physiologic and pathologic. Physiologic phimosis is a normal condition that occurs in newborns and young children, where the foreskin is attached to the glans and gradually becomes retractable over time. This usually resolves on its own by the age of five. Pathologic phimosis, on the other hand, occurs when the foreskin cannot be retracted due to scarring or inflammation.
Undescended testes are a common condition, affecting about 1 in 100 male newborns. The condition is more common in premature infants, with up to 30% of premature male infants having undescended testes.
Hypospadias / Epispadias
Hypospadias is a congenital condition where the opening of the urethra in males is located on the underside of the penis instead of at the tip. This can cause difficulty with urination, sexual intercourse, and may also affect the appearance of the penis.